Percentile rank is a standardized way of ranking items within a peer group, in this case, funds with the same Morningstar category. The observation with the largest numerical value is ranked one; the observation with the smallest numerical value is ranked 100. The remaining observations are placed equal distance from one another on the rating scale. Note that lower percentile ranks are generally more favorable for returns (high returns), while higher percentile ranks are generally more favorable for risk measures (low risk).
Note for closed-end funds: This is the fund’s NAV total return or market total return percentile rank relative to all open-end mutual funds and closed-end funds with the same Morningstar category.
Percentile ranks within categories are most useful in those categories that have a large number of funds. For small universes, funds will be ranked at the highest percentage possible. For instance, if there are only two international hybrid funds with 10-year average total returns, Morningstar will assign a percentile rank of 1 to the top-performing fund, and the second fund will earn a percentile rank of 51 (indicating the fund underperformed 50% of the sample).
We calculate this figure using our total return databases.